Milling & Baking News - May 8, 2018 - 22

Transportation and Distribution

Mississippi River navigation season
began April 11 when the U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers determined the
northernmost stretches of the river
were no longer closed by ice accumulations. It was the latest opening date
on record, except for delays caused by
unrelated flooding in some years.
Barge freight rates for shipping grain
ranged from $14.85 per ton on the lower
Mississippi to $41.78 per ton on the upper Mississippi at mid-April, up less
than 5% to more than 15% from a week
earlier and up 130% to about 200% from
a year ago, according to the U.S.D.A.
The first ship of the season began

©IVAN- STOCK.ADOBE.COM

for intervention from the Department
of Transportation's Surface Transportation Board (S.T.B.) In response, the
S.T.B. on March 16 requested all Class 1
railroads provide their service outlook
plans for near term and the remainder
of 2018. The board also asked each railroad for regular updates on locomotive
availability, employee resources, local
service performance, service demand,
communication strategies and capacity
constraints. All seven railroads had responded to the S.T.B. by April 5.
Grain shippers noted that the Union
Pacific announced a $100 per car rate
increase, which other railroads likely

will follow. Rail rate increases of 3% to
5% likely will be common around June
1 or July 1.
Further adding to costs for grain
shippers are railroad fuel surcharges
that have been rising since September 2017. Surcharges were below the
three-year monthly average throughout 2017 and finally moved above
the average in January 2018 when the
average on-highway diesel fuel price
from the Energy Information Administration (E.I.A.) moved above $3 per
gallon. The E.I.A. diesel fuel price,
used to calculate both rail and truck
fuel surcharges, rose steadily from
July 2017 to mid-February, took a brief
respite and has been rising again since
late March to the highest since January
2015 as of April 23 at a national average of $3.13 per gallon. The U.S.D.A.
noted that diesel exports have been
strong and that prolonged cold weather further increased distillate fuel supplies, which are used to produce both
residential heating oil and diesel fuel.
Rail fuel surcharges reported by the
U.S.D.A. ranged from zero to as much
as $346 per car, or about 9c per bu.
Barge and ocean freight update
The "unofficial" start to the Upper
22 / May 8, 2018

Milling & Baking News

taking on grain April 15 at Duluth-Superior export terminals for shipment
via the Great Lakes.
Ocean rates for shipping bulk grain
eased in January and February but began rising in March as freight demand
increased, the U.S.D.A. said. Firstquarter rates for shipping bulk grain to
Japan from the Pacific Northwest averaged $24.25 per tonne, to Japan from
the Gulf averaged $44.27 per tonne, and
to Europe from the Gulf were $16.82
per tonne. Rates were slightly lower in
most cases from the fourth quarter of
2017, but rates were up more than 20%
from the same period a year earlier and
from the four-year average for routes to
Japan and were up about 15% from a
year earlier and were up 5% from the
average for routes to Europe.
The U.S.D.A. in its April 19 Grain
Transportation Report said ship owners were optimistic about the turnaround in ocean freight demand. New
ship deliveries were stable and fewer
vessels were being demolished, resulting in a slight increase in fleet size,
which may prolong the glut of vessel
supply and put potential downward
pressure on ocean freight rates.
The tight truck freight situation was
allegedly having an impact on ocean

freight as well as other means of shipping. The Federal Maritime Commission (F.M.C.) said U.S. cargo owners had
forwarded complaints to the commission claiming some ocean carriers were
unilaterally changing service contract
terms by canceling the port/container
yard to final customer destination leg
of cargo shipments due to an alleged
lack of inland truck availability. The
enforcement arm of the F.M.C. initiated
an expedited inquiry into the carrier actions, sending letters on April 20 to the
lines whose actions were questioned
seeking information on timing, fairness
and lawfulness of the alleged unilateral
changes to ocean carriers' obligations
for inland trucking services. Responses
are requested within 30 days.
Grain movement down year-to-date
The multitude of issues facing carriers this year may have been mitigated
somewhat by lighter grain movement.
Cumulative marketing year wheat, corn
and soybean movement of grain for export through April 12 was 89,915,000
tonnes, down 15% from the same time
a year ago, the U.S.D.A. said in its April
26 Grain Transportation report. Movement of all wheat totaled 19,780,000
tonnes, down 11%, corn was 27,735,000
tonnes, down 20%, and soybeans totaled 42,401,000 tonnes, down 13%. The
marketing year ends May 31 for wheat
and Aug. 31 for corn and soybeans.
The significance of trucks and rail
for moving grain domestically cannot
be understated. The U.S.D.A. estimates
that trucks move about 64% of total
grain, including about 20% for export
and 78% for domestic needs. Trucks
primarily get grain off the farm and to
the first point of collection and are most
important for movement within about
300 miles of origination. But trucks are
significant for transporting agricultural
products and usually are the only option for the "last mile," or delivery to
the final destination for finished goods.
While typical seasonal weather and
supply-and-demand factors will continue to affect availability and rates
for shipping agricultural products by
truck, rail, barge and ocean vessel,
the unsettled truck freight market has
added a new wrinkle even if trucks
are not the main movers of grain over
long distances. Time will tell as the
year goes on just how significant that
impact will be. But what is certain is
that truck freight rates have gone up,
and many expect they will go up again
when new contracts are negotiated later this year or next year. MBN
- Ron Sterk
bakingbusiness.com / world-grain.com


http://www.bakingbusiness.com http://www.world-grain.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Milling & Baking News - May 8, 2018

http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_08_13
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_07_30
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_07_16
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_07_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_06_18
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_06_04
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_05_21
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_05_07
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_04_23
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_04_09
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2019_03_26
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2019_03_12
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2019_02_26
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2019_02_12
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2019_01_29
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2019_01_15
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2019_01_01
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_12_18
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_12_04
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_11_20
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_11_06
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_10_23
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_10_09
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_09_25
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_09_11
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_08_24
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_08_14
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_07_31
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_07_17
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_07_03
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_06_19
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_06_05
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_05_22
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_05_08
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_04_24
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_04_10
http://digitalmbn.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/mbn/2018_03_27
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2018_03_13
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2018_02_27
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2018_02_13
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2018_01_30
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2018_01_16
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2018_01_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_12_19
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_12_05
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_11_21
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_11_07
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_10_24
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_10_10
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_09_26
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_09_12
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_08_29
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_08_15
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_07_18
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_07_04
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_06_20
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_06_06
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_05_23
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_05_09
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_04_25
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_04_11
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_03_28
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_03_14
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_02_28
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_02_14
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_01_31
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_01_17
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2017_01_03
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_12_20
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_12_06
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_11_22
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_11_08
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_10_25
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_10_11
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_09_27
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_09_13
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_08_30
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_08_16
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_08_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_07_19
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_07_05
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_06_21
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_06_07
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_05_24
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_05_10
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_04_26
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_04_12
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_03_29
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_03_15
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_02_16
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_02_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_01_19
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2016_01_05
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_12_22
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_12_08
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_11_24
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_11_10
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_10_27
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_10_13
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_09_29
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_09_15
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_08_18
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_08_04
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_07_21
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_07_07
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_06_23
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_06_09
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_05_26
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_05_12
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_04_28
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_04_014
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_03_31
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_03_17
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/mbn/2015_03__03
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_02_17
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_02_03
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_01_20
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2015_01_06
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_12_23
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_12_09
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/mbn_2014_11_25
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_11_11
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_10_28
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_10_14
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_09_30
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_09_16
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_09_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/214_08_19
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_07_22
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_07_08
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_06_24
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_06_10
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_05_27
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_05_13
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_04_29
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_04_15
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_03_18
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_03_04
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_02_18
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_02_04
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_01_21
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2014_01_07
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_12_24
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_12_10
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_11_26
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_11_12
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_10_29
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_10_15
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_09_17
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_09_03
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_08_20
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_08-06
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_07_23
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_07_09
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_06_25
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_06_11
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_05_28
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_05_14
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_04_30
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_04_16
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_04_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_03_19
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_03_05
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_02_19
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_02_05
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_01_22
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2013_01_08
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_12_25
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_12_11
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_11_27
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_11_13
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_10_30
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_10_16
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_10_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_09_18
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_09_04
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_08_21
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_08_07
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_07_24
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_07_10
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_06_26
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_06_12
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_05_29
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_05_15
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_04_17
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_04_03
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_03_20
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_03_06
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_02_21
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_02_07
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_01_24
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2012_01_10
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_12_27
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_12_13
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_11_29
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_11_15
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_10_18
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_10_04
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_09_20
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_09_06
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_08_23
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_08_09
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_07_26
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_07_12
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_06_28
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_06_14
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_05_31
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_05_17
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_05_03
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_04_19
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_04_05
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_03_22
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_03_08
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_02_22
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_02_08
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_01_25
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2011_01_11
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_12_28
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_12_14
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_11_30
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_11_16
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_11_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_10_19
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_10_05
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_09_21
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_09_07
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_08_24
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_08_10
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_07_27
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_07_13
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_06_29
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_06_15
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_05_18
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_05_04
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_04_20
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_04_06
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_03_23
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_03_09
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_02_23
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_02_09
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_01_26
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2010_01_12
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_12_29
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_12_15
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_11_17
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_11_03
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_10_20
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_10_06
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_09_22
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_09_08
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_08_25
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_08_11
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_07_28
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_07_14
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_06_30
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_06_16
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/mbn/2009_06_02
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